Dual exhaust gas recirculation: Even lower combustion residues
To reduce nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions even further, the OM 651 engine of the A 220 CDI is equipped with what is known as multiple exhaust gas recirculation (EGR). In addition to high-pressure EGR, where hot exhaust gases are taken from the manifold and reintroduced on the fresh air side, downstream of the intercooler, exhaust gases are diverted at a lower pressure level. This low-pressure EGR diverts the filtered exhaust gases downstream of the diesel particulate filter, cools them and uses a valve to return them to the fresh airflow upstream of the turbocharger.
NOx generation is primarily influenced by the oxygen concentration in the combustion chamber (= proportion of exhaust gases). A further increase in EGR rates using classic high-pressure EGR has the inherent disadvantage of charging losses and further throttling to achieve the necessary scavenging gradient. This leads to disadvantages with respect to particulate emissions and fuel consumption. Low-pressure EGR solves these problems, as it does not reduce the drive energy of the turbocharger while at the same time considerably reducing the throttling requirement of a high-pressure EGR system.